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Title:
Workload-aware anomaly detection for web applications
Author: Wang, Tao (1) ; Wei, Jun (1) ; Zhang, Wenbo (2) ; Zhong, Hua (2) ; Huang, Tao (1)
Corresponding Author: Wang, T.(wangtao08@otcaix.iscas.ac.cn)
Keyword: Anomaly detection ; Web applications ; Local outlier factor
Source: Journal of Systems and Software
Issued Date: 2014
Volume: 89, Issue:1, Pages:19-32
Indexed Type: SCI ; EI
Department: (1) State Key Laboratory of Computer Science, Beijing 100190 PR, China; (2) Institute of Software, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, PR, China; (3) University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 PR, China
Abstract: The failure of Web applications often affects a large population of customers, and leads to severe economic loss. Anomaly detection is essential for improving the reliability of Web applications. Current approaches model correlations among metrics, and detect anomalies when the correlations are broken. However, dynamic workloads cause the metric correlations to change over time. Moreover, modeling various metric correlations are difficult in complex Web applications. This paper addresses these problems and proposes an online anomaly detection approach for Web applications. We present an incremental clustering algorithm for training workload patterns online, and employ the local outlier factor (LOF) in the recognized workload pattern to detect anomalies. In addition, we locate the anomalous metrics with the Student's t-test method. We evaluated our approach on a testbed running the TPC-W industry-standard benchmark. The experimental results show that our approach is able to (1) capture workload fluctuations accurately, (2) detect typical faults effectively and (3) has advantages over two contemporary ones in accuracy. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
English Abstract: The failure of Web applications often affects a large population of customers, and leads to severe economic loss. Anomaly detection is essential for improving the reliability of Web applications. Current approaches model correlations among metrics, and detect anomalies when the correlations are broken. However, dynamic workloads cause the metric correlations to change over time. Moreover, modeling various metric correlations are difficult in complex Web applications. This paper addresses these problems and proposes an online anomaly detection approach for Web applications. We present an incremental clustering algorithm for training workload patterns online, and employ the local outlier factor (LOF) in the recognized workload pattern to detect anomalies. In addition, we locate the anomalous metrics with the Student's t-test method. We evaluated our approach on a testbed running the TPC-W industry-standard benchmark. The experimental results show that our approach is able to (1) capture workload fluctuations accurately, (2) detect typical faults effectively and (3) has advantages over two contemporary ones in accuracy. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Language: 英语
WOS ID: WOS:000331432600003
Citation statistics:
Content Type: 期刊论文
URI: http://ir.iscas.ac.cn/handle/311060/16869
Appears in Collections:软件所图书馆_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Wang, Tao ,Wei, Jun ,Zhang, Wenbo ,et al. Workload-aware anomaly detection for web applications[J]. Journal of Systems and Software,2014-01-01,89(1):19-32.
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