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题名:
财产保险防灾减损决策支持系统的设计与实现
作者: 胡大奎
答辩日期: 2004
专业: 计算机软件与理论
授予单位: 中国科学院软件研究所
授予地点: 中国科学院软件研究所
学位: 博士
关键词: 决策支持 ; 决策支持系统(DSS) ; 三角式结构 ; 神经网络 ; 防灾减损 ; 灾情预测 ; 损失评估 ; 3S技术 ; 数字高程模型DEM ; 灾情多模式
其他题名: The Development of Decision Support System for Disaster Prevention and Loss Reduction of Property Insurance
摘要: 中国是世界上自然灾害最严重的国家之一,在灾害面前财产保险公司面临着巨额赔付,为了防止自然灾害和减少自然灾害对财产保险造成的损失,本研究结合35技术和决策支持系统理论进行了财产保险防灾减损决策支持系统的设计与实现。论文对DSS及其在财产保险领域和灾害防范领域的应用与发展现状做了一定的调研工作,论文应用3S技术和Web技术,以三角式决策支持系统结构为框架,探讨了财产保险防灾减损决策支持系统的总体结构设计。论文对决策支持系统中的数据管理部分进行了设计和实现,讲述了决策支持系统中模型管理部分的设计与实现。这为决策支持和界面设计打下了基础。论文对决策支持系统的关键部分—决策支持功能进行了设计与实现。针对洪涝灾害,系统从常规防洪涝预案和临灾快速反应方案两个方面对防灾减损工作提供了决策支持。论文对决策支持系统的界面设计工作进行了阐述。作为三角式决策支持系 统,对话管理部分即交互界面的设计被认为是DSS成败的重要因素,本文从保险分析、灾害分析及决策支持、以及系统其他功能三个角度对决策支持系统的界面设计工作进行了阐述。
英文摘要: Compared with many countries all over the world, China suffers from a wider range of natural disasters, which confront property insurance companies with a vast number of losses. With the help of 3S technology and DSS theory, this research has managed to set up a decision support system for disaster prevention and loss reduction in order to prevent and reduce the losses in property insurance caused by natural disasters. The thesis not only makes an intensive study of DSS theory and its development, but also makes investigates into DSS application to the field of disaster prevention and property insurance. With 3S technology and Web technology as the theoretical basis, triangular decision support system as the framework, the research provides an insight into the possibilities of constructing a comprehensive decision support system for disaster prevention and loss reduction in property insurance. The thesis designs and puts into effect the data management of the decision system. And it also deals with the design and realization of model management. Both efforts lay foundations for decision support and interface design. The thesis designs and puts into effect the decision support function that is the key component of DSS. Concentrated on flood disaster, the system provides decision support for disaster prevention in the light of conventional flood prevention method as well as in the aspect of first response scheme. The thesis also makes out the interface design of DSS. The design of the interactive management or interface is considered as the vital factor for the successful operation of DSS. The thesis discusses the interface design through an analysis of insurance, disaster, decision support and other system function.
语种: 中文
内容类型: 学位论文
URI标识: http://ir.iscas.ac.cn/handle/311060/6510
Appears in Collections:中科院软件所

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Recommended Citation:
胡大奎. 财产保险防灾减损决策支持系统的设计与实现[D]. 中国科学院软件研究所. 中国科学院软件研究所. 2004-01-01.
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