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题名:
knowware: the third star after hardware and software
作者: Bell David ; Jiang Ying ; Lu Ruqian ; Su Kaile ; Zhang Songmao
会议文集: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
会议名称: 3rd International Conference on Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management, KSEM 2009
会议日期: 40849
出版日期: 2009
会议地点: Vienna, Austria
关键词: Computer software
出版者: Germany
出版地: Germany
收录类别: 其他
ISSN: 3029743
ISBN: 3642104878
部门归属: (1) School of Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom; (2) Institute of Software, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China; (3) Academy of Mathematics and System Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China; (4) School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, China
英文摘要: Ruqian Lu first presented the notion of knowware in 2005 through his IEEE Intelligent Systems paper entitled "From hardware to software to knowware: ITs third liberation?". He further elaborated the notion in the book "Kowware, the third star after hardware and software", published in 2007 by Polimetrica. Lu defines knowware as an independent and commercialized knowledge module that is computer operable, but free of any built-in control mechanism (in particular, not bund to any software), meeting some industrial standards and embeddable in software and/or hardware. Lu proposes to separate knowledge from software, and that knowware, software and hardware should be considered as three equally important underpinnings of IT industry. © 2009 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
语种: 英语
内容类型: 会议论文
URI标识: http://ir.iscas.ac.cn/handle/311060/8504
Appears in Collections:计算机科学国家重点实验室 _会议论文

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Recommended Citation:
Bell David,Jiang Ying,Lu Ruqian,et al. knowware: the third star after hardware and software[C]. 见:3rd International Conference on Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management, KSEM 2009. Vienna, Austria. 40849.
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